How Do Unsecured Personal Loan Works

Whether you like it or not, you may find yourself in situations where you need to borrow money.

Nobody wants to add debts to their financial burdens. But many people accumulate debts because of unforeseen circumstances. One survey showed that 46% of Canadians experienced the negative economic impact of the CoViD-19 pandemic. 

Some lost their jobs all of a sudden, while others experienced medical emergencies. An emergency fund is an ideal way to cover these things. The problem is, not everyone can set aside some money for emergencies. 

So whether you like it or not, you may find yourself in situations where you need to borrow money. One of the excellent options you can use is taking out unsecured personal loans in Canada. This type of personal loan won’t require collateral. Thus, you won’t put your assets at risk in case of default. 

But like other loans, it can take a significant toll on your finances if you don’t know how to use it. Read on below to understand how unsecured personal loans work. 

Basics of Unsecured Personal Loans 

An unsecured personal loan is a lump sum of money you can borrow from a lending institution. You will have to pay it back in monthly installments over a predetermined period. Terms of unsecured loans often range from six months to five years. The amount you can borrow may depend on the lender and your creditworthiness. But most unsecured loans can go between $100 to $50,000. 

Unsecured personal loans are flexible, meaning you can use them for a variety of purposes. In most instances, personal loan lenders don’t mind how you’re going to use the money. Still, be sure to read the fine print. Some lenders may have restrictions on the usage of these loans. 

How Unsecured Personal Loans Work

You don’t need to pledge collateral to take out a personal loan. If you fail to repay the loan, the lender won’t be able to repossess any of your properties. Even so, they can take other actions to pursue repayment. Lenders can appoint a collection agency to collect the debt or take legal action against you. Note that the court can order your employer to withhold part of your wage to pay for the debt. 

Lenders take more risk when extending unsecured personal loans. Unlike secured loans, there is no asset to recover in the event of default. Because of this, most lenders will charge higher interest rates for unsecured loans. 

An unsecured personal loan can be what you need in securing some quick cash. This is especially if you don’t have any collateral. But it’s worth noting that lenders will look at other factors before they approve you for the loan. 

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How to Make the Best Out of Unsecured Personal Loans

Unsecured loans are easier to apply for than secured loans. But not all unsecured loans are created equal. If you wish to get the best possible deal from your lender, consider taking the following steps: 

1. Check Your Credit Score

A personal loan needs a credit score of 610-640. But those with a Fair Isaac Corporation (FICO) score of 720 or higher get the best rates. Before applying, check your credit score online for free. Checking your credit score not only helps you foresee your chances of approval. But it also allows you to improve it before submitting your loan application.

2. Evaluate Your Budget

Assess your current income and expenditure after evaluating your credit score. Unsecured loans don’t need collateral. But late payments still affect your credit score, so make sure any new debt payouts fit in your budget.

A borrower’s debt-to-income ratio (DTI) is also taken into account when applying for a loan. This metric measures the monthly percentage of income required to pay off debt. A debt-to-income ratio (DTI) of 36% or lesser is suitable for a new unsecured loan. But lender requirements may vary.

3. Shop for Lenders and Prequalify

When your finances are all good, that is the only time to shop for lenders. Look for the ones that offer ideal APRs and flexible payment terms. Also, some lenders provide borrowers with a fast and easy online pre-qualification procedure. It lets you foresee what kind of APRs and loan terms you need without applying yet.

4. Gather Documentation

If you’ve found a promising lender and are ready to dive in, know its application procedure. Then, collect necessary documents like tax records and bank account statements, among others. Though not necessary, these might help with the application and financing process.

5. Submit a Formal Application

Finally, fill out and submit a loan application, either online or in person. Some lenders already provide an online application. But, the application procedure differs per lender. Also, you may need to speak to someone over the phone or in person about your loan.


Making an unsecured personal loan work for you is doable. You just have to know how to do your checks and balances. When you know this, getting an unsecured personal loan may be a good option for acquiring some fast cash. 

But, never forget to do your research before you apply for a loan. And, before you sign on the dotted line, scrutinize the fine print. It always helps to be cautious.